The extraordinary special session of the UN General Assembly adopted the resolution Principles of the UN Charter underlying a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in Ukraine on February 23, 2023.
141 states voted “for”, “against”– 7, and 32 abstained. In addition to Russia, Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea, Mali, Nicaragua, and Syria spoke “against”. Among those who abstained are – China, India, Pakistan, Cuba, Iran, Kazakhstan, Armenia, and South Africa.
The eleven-point resolution demands that Russia “immediately, completely and unconditionally withdraw all of its military forces from the territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders and calls for a cessation of hostilities.”
“Reaffirms its commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders, extending to its territorial waters,” noted the text of the UN resolution.
The UN General Assembly calls for a full exchange of prisoners of war, the release of all illegally detained persons and the return of all forcibly displaced and deported civilians, including children.
In addition, the resolution contains a call for an immediate end to attacks on critical infrastructure of Ukraine and attacks on civilian objects, including residential buildings, schools and hospitals.
“Emphasizes the need to ensure accountability for the most serious crimes under international law committed on the territory of Ukraine through appropriate, fair and independent investigations and prosecutions at the national or international level, and ensure justice for all victims and the prevention of future crimes,” added the UN General Assembly.