Members of the Russian military intelligence service, the GRU (Main Intelligence Agency) were in contact with the MNA (”Magyar Nemzeti Arcvonal”, Hungarian National Front), a neo-nazi organization, index.hu reported.
According to the sources, even Russian diplomats have participated in the airsoft drills organized by the gang of Gyorkos, of which the Hungarian intelligence services and military counter-intelligence also knew, according to index.hu.
The National Bureau of Investigation (”Nemzeti Nyomozo Iroda”, the Hungarian FBI) was supposed to search Istvan Gyorkos`s house earlier this week, but when the officers showed up at his home the 76-years-old man opened fire at them, and a 46-years-old police officer died in the shooting immediately.
Russian diplomats and members of the Russian military intelligence, the GRU have been around the Hungarian militant subculture for years, albeit not only around MNA. This started well before the eruption of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. The Russians were trying to do it in a smart, less ostentatious way.
Events and activities like relic hunts (of WWII weapons) and flea markets related to that proved to be useful occasions for establishing and maintaining such relations.
In most cases, radical people and groups used by the Russians do not even know that they are being indirectly manipulated and influenced. The most ideal ones are the wacky, useful idiots because they are the easiest to influence and to convince them to commit violent actions.
See also: Congress of European Nazi parties in St Petersburg, Russia
The GRU has units not only for regular intelligence tasks, but for special operations too (like diversion and deep intelligence penetration): the so-called ”little green men” appearing without identification in Crimea were also partly from this agency. Spetnaz, the notorious Russian elite military formation was also founded by the GRU.
As several ”advisers” of the KGB sat in the building of the Ministry of Home Affairs` III/I Directorate, i.e. the Hungarian socialist civilian intelligence, the 2nd Directorate of the General Staff of the Hungarian People`s Army (MNVK) – the Hungarian military intelligence – operated through a similar symbiosis with the GRU. After the democratic transition, the 2nd Directorate of MNVK was succeeded by the military intelligence of the democratic Hungarian republic, the Military Reconnaissance Office (KFH), while the Military Security Agency (KBH) became the successor of the Soviet-inspired III/IV Directorate of the Ministry of Home Affairs. In 2012, Orban`s government integrated the military intelligence and counter-intelligence agencies, establishing the Military State Security Agency from KFH and KBH.
A foreign intelligence officer active before 1989 said to Index.hu that in the Socialist era, there was an extraordinarily high level of cooperation between the Soviet and Hungarian agencies which is regarded as unthinkable today.
See also: How Russia has prepared for aggression against Ukraine for 10 years. Instruments of hybrid war: diplomacy, media and culture
Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto stated in an interview in August to Index.hu that he has no knowledge of foreign diplomats having been expelled from the country due to espionage since 2010, and ”surely not” after him taking office in 2014. The attitude of the Hungarian government is unique, since news about Russian spies masked as diplomats being declared as persona non grata in other countries of the region, for instance in Romania or the Czech Republic, could be heard on a yearly basis.
However, the issue didn`t emerge in Hungary, not even in the case of Bela Kovacs`s alleged spy activities, who, if he really was spying for the Russian, did not conspire with himself alone.
”As far as I know, the expulsion of Russian or other foreign diplomats was out of question. I wasn`t even asked whether I would suggest any similar action or not” – said Szijjarto to Index.hu, and he also claimed that ”the current Russian ambassador is the second one since I am the foreign minister, but we didn`t touch upon the issue with any of them.”
The Czech counter-intelligence (BIS) has disclosed its yearly report in September, according to which the Russian services were the most active in the previous year (again), as they have been in every year since the outbreak of the crisis in Ukraine. The report states that their primary goal is to spread Russian disinformation and propaganda in the Czech media and internet, to subvert the unity of NATO and EU, and to increase Russian influence over the Czech energy sector.
See also: Czechs set up unit to counter perceived propaganda threat from Russian
The Hungarian counter-intelligence agency (Constitution Protection Office) on the other hand, does not issue similar reports anymore. Specific statements about Russian activities in the country are made mainly by politicians, however, the validity of these statements cannot be checked. For instance, former prime minister Ferenc Gyurcsany recently talked about that according to his knowledge, there are 600-800 Russian secret agents operating in Hungary, twice as much as under his administration.
See also: Italian far-right collaborators openly admit breaking law in Russian-occupied Crimea