The influence of Ramzan Kadyrov, who has ruled the Republic of Chechnya since 2007, stretches far beyond the Caucasus. Due to the peculiarities of Russia’s political system, Kadyrov’s dictatorship has long had a sizeable impact on Russia’s wider domestic policy. It does not stop there: the Kremlin is increasingly using Kadyrov as a foreign policy asset.
Kadyrov has three main foreign-policy resources. Firstly, his personal connections with Middle Eastern and North African politicians. Secondly, his de facto personal military forces. Thirdly, …read more