*To read Part One, please click here.
The re-election of President Nursultan Nazarbayev (see EDM, April 30, May 8) has renewed and bolstered the presidential institution’s popular mandate to tackle the urgent challenges confronting Kazakhstan.
Some of these challenges are recurrent, but for the most part they are novel. Authorities in Kazakhstan have been unaccustomed to dealing with extreme difficulties in foreign policy, external economic relations, the domestic leadership transition, institutional reforms, and the spillover of global economic crises into the country.
It is a testimony to Kazakhstan’s openness to the world that this country’s leadership constantly evaluates how global political and …read more
Source: The Jamestown Foundation